Here all the councils, easy ways, the ideas which will be useful for you. How to make flower its cacti under optimal conditions? When and for which period should they be sprinkled? For which moment is necessary it to repot?
The succulent plants are the only ones to support to be exposed in full summer behind a pane directed towards the south, a temperature bordering the 40° does not obstruct them at all (finally according to species' for example Epiphytes prefer being cultivated in semi-shade and do not support the direct sun). The succulent plants need much light some is the season, except Kalanchoe and Schlumbergia. It is necessary also to hold account which the cacti should not be exposed in the open air if the area is often rainy (a water excess can make rot the plante), if not it is necessary to think of using a draining good. Note:les cactus must in winter rest so that there is a forthcoming flowering, therefore do not forget to put them in a place quite exposed at a temperature bordering 10 or 15°.
Plantations in the open air
That is recommended little out of the areas of the Méditerranéen circumference because freezing in winter, the lack of ambient heat and the strong rainfall of certain areas can kill the plant. It is advised either to cultivate these hothouse plants or their reserved place in pente(pour to support the water run-off).
To neglect this stage indeed proves to be a bus error, some can think that the cacti live in poor grounds, that they do not need manure; Eh well it is false bus the pot in which the plant is has only one small quantity of ground which becomes exhausted very quickly with the wire of time. It is for that that it is necessary to think of fertilizing. One nourished the plant only during the growth.
|The use of liquid manure is the best technique to fertilize regularly and without jolts; not to use especially not foliar manure, but pour the solution on the ground without coming into contact with the skin. |
|The use of manure for tomato or strawberry plant, in the absence of a special preparation for is cactées, thus do not hesitate to use it (manure 1.3.5) |
As we saw previously, it is necessary to put the cacti at the dry mode during the winter between 10 and 15°. There is not ready-made phrase which makes it possible to say sprinkle the cacti with such or such regularity, there is necessary to respect heat, the light and the season without forgetting the quality of the substrate:
|The ground must be dry between two waterings: check with the finger if the ground is wet. |
|A young growth requires water, indeed the small plant with need for water to be able to grow, that means that the plant took again its vegetative cycle. |
|No water during flowering: it is end the one period and a beginning of rest for the plant, it should be left quiet while avoiding sprinkling. Moreover fleures really do not like to be in contact with water. |
|Preferably sprinkle the evening for the growing period: the water droplets do not play the role of magnifying glass under the effect of the solar rays and allows a better absorption of this one. |
|Wet abundantly: that facilitates the development of the roots in all volume of the pot, do not hesitate to bathe the plant, it is the best means for good of wetting it. |
|The brumisation without excess: use this way of sprinkling on the fatty plants (Lithops for example). |
The brumisation without excess: use this way of sprinkling one the fatty seedlings (Lithops for example).
|Plastic pots: it is the method most practical bus indeed the pots are light and solid, they are not expensive and they offer a good drainage with its some holes located at the bottom. Nevertheless there is tendency to sprinkling too much and, the plastic pots retaining well moisture, the cacti die of rotting. |
|Terra cotta pots: generally used for the large specimens, attention should be paid because they are desiccated quickly especially in summer placed in full sun. |
|culture in open ground: to see exposure above. |
|Limp of tinplate preserve: regarded as the best containers for the culture of the cactus because they support the development of the roots; moreover one noted that tinplate tended to stimulate the growth. |
|Vats with water reserve: these pots should not especially be used. Really disadvised for the culture of the cacti. The retention of water supports the rotting of the roots. |
Use pots broad and not too deep, the pots with bonzaï are very useful.
The succulent plants need to be repotted to the maximum every 3 years. For that it is necessary:
|To repot at the beginning of spring: when the vegetations begins again. |
|To discharge carefully: to use gloves not to prick you, maintain the cactus the head in bottom and type the lump of earth on something of hard so that it is disunited. |
|Clean the roots: a significant stage because it is necessary to remove the died roots, to wash them (if there are parasites for examples). |
|Set up the plant: in a larger pot, do not forget to put a good substrate (see for all knowing) and delicately put the plant in the pot, it is necessary that the roots straightforwardly marry all the wall of the pot. Pack the ground when you finish. |
|Do not sprinkle immediately: one will wait a good week so that the roots heal in their new substrate. |
The enemy number one is the stagnant moisture which supports the rot of the plant (starting from the collet, of the roots and interior of the plant generally), it is for that that it is necessary to pay great attention the hiver(period of predilection for the development of the rots). Here all solutions to avoid possible diseases:
|The dry mode is the best treatment: most of the time, the cryptogamic diseases develop following bad conditions of culture. A good ventilation, a strong sunning, the stop of waterings during 5-6 weeks will complèteront the remedy. |
|Cochineals: these insects stitcher-nozzles protected by a waxy carapace (white), are the enemies number two of succulent, the best solution is to remove them plant using tweezers, to use an insecticide against the cochineals (one finds some in the commerce)ou to kill them with methanol (to take a cotton stem, to soak it in carbinol and to deposit it on the cochineal). |
|Plant louses and acarina: buy sticks against this vermin and prick them in the ground. |
|Nematodes: they are the small ones towards, therefore called anguillules, they act a little like small slugs, they graze fabrics, the touched parts must be cleaned, dried and be powdered. (to kill this parasite use the insecticidal products). |
Do not use especially products in bomb sold for the plants of interior, they are badly supported by the succulent ones and would be likely to cause burns.